Tuesday, January 19, 2016

Website Terminology

Website Basic Terminology

Internet is a network which connects billions of devices using internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).

World Wide Web (www) is collection of internet resources such as servers, web pages and files that are accessed through internet protocol suite.

Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a formatted text string to identify resources such as web pages, files and programs on web. Example: http://refreshnotes.com .An URL consists of 3 parts:
Network protocol: // host or domain name or server address / file or resource location

Hyperlink is a text or an image you can click on.

Hypertext is a structured text which contains links to other texts.

HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a standard for web browsers and web servers to communicate.

Website is a set of related web pages typically served from a single web domain or location (site) on web.

Web Servers are computers that deliver (serves up) web pages to users in response to their requests.

Web Browser or Web Client is an application that communicates with a web server, using Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Examples are Internet Explorer, Chrome, and Firefox.

Webpage is a document that is suitable for the World Wide Web and the web browser. It is accessible through internet. Webpage can consist of up to three layers—content, presentation, and behavior.
Content layer (HTML) - comprises the information the author wishes to convey to the users.
Presentation layer (CSS) - defines how the content will appear to a human being
Behavior layer (JavaScript) - involves real-time user interaction with the document.

HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language used to create web pages. A standardized system for tagging text files to achieve font, color, graphic, and hyperlink effects on World Wide Web pages.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is the recommended way to control the presentation layer in a web document. It allow you to specify things like the font you want on your page, the size of your text, whether the page is to have 2 columns, whether your text is to be in bold or italics, and so on. In other words, it is the part that lets you control the appearance of your web page.

JavaScript is an object-oriented computer programming language commonly used to create interactive effects within web browsers.

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is a protocol for sending e-mail messages between servers.

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Server is a computer takes care of delivering emails from one server to another server.

Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a company that provides internet access and other related services to users.

Domain name is a unique name that identifies a website. Example: refreshnotes.com

Subdomain is a domain that is part of a larger domain. A subdomain is also referred to as a child domain. Example: blog.refreshnotes.com

Domain Name Server (DNS) is a system that maintains a directory of domain names and translates them to Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. Example: refreshnotes.com ->

IP address is an identifier for a computer or device on internet. Example:

Web Hosting is the company which provides storage space in their server for your website and allows other to access your website through internet.

Web Client – Web Server Interaction:
User enters a URL into a web browser. This request is passed to a domain name server.
Domain Name Server (DNS) returns an IP address for the web server that hosts the website.
Web browser requests the page from the web server using the IP address.
Web server returns the web page to the IP address specified by the web browser.
Web browser displays web page on computer.

Web feed is a data format used for providing users with frequently updated web content. A web feed is a document whose discrete content items include web links to the source of the content.

Content syndication is a method by which web content is made available to other sites and applications.

Really Simple Syndication (RSS) is a standard to publish frequently updated information.

Favicons are tiny icons displayed in the web address bar in most browsers next to the web address.

.htaccess file is the default directory-level configuration file on Apache servers. URL, Authorization, Authentication and cache control can be specified within .htaccess.

Landing Page is the page where a visitor first enters a website.

Metadata is the key words and phrases that describe the contents of the web page.

Permalink (permanent link) is a URL that points to a specific web page.

Plug-in is a bit of third party code that extends the capabilities of a website.

Script is a list of commands that can be executed without user interaction.

Template is a file used to create a consistent design across a website.

Categories are used for broad grouping of web content post topics. It’s like table of contents.

Tag is a non-hierarchical keyword or term assigned to a piece of information. Tags provide a useful way to group related web content posts together and to quickly tell readers what a post is about. It’s like index.

HyperText Preprocessor (PHP) is an open source server-side HTML embedded scripting language used to create dynamic Web pages.

Content Management System (CMS) is software that allows publishing, editing and modifying content, organizing, deleting as well as maintenance from a visual interface.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the process of improving the ranking (visibility) of a website in search engines. A method to tell about your web content to Search Engine like Google, Yahoo, Bing etc..

Web Indexing is a method to create index, for the contents of a website, by a search engine.

Web crawler is an Internet bot which systematically browses the World Wide Web, typically for the purpose of Web indexing.

Web Robots (also known as Web Wanderers, Crawlers, or Spiders), are programs that traverse the Web automatically.

Robot Exclusion Protocol (REP) Web site owners use the /robots.txt file to give instructions about their site to web robots; this is called The Robots Exclusion Protocol.

Alt Attribute is alternate text used to describe an image. Used by search engines and screen readers in place of an image.

Title Attribute is the text used to describe the webpage in the top of the browser window.

HEX Code is the code used in HTML and CSS to designate a specific color, usually appearing after the pound sign (#).

Watermark is an easy-to-see marker placed over the top of photos on the web and in print. It is used to identify the owner of an image and prevent visual content theft.

Forms allow a user to enter data that is sent to a server for processing.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer computer files from one host to another.

Site Map (or sitemap) is simply a list of all the pages of a web site that is accessible to users or web crawlers.

Related topics:
Choosing Domain Name   |   Choosing Web Hosting   |   Starting a Website   |   Create Wordpress Website with Bluehost   |   First Step with Wordpress Website

List of topics: Website

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